Handicrafts are one such example of spectacular creations from the hands of skilled individuals spread across the country proving India to be an exotic land with exquisite artworks. Each state is famous for some of the other craft but the Tamil Nadu, Saharanpur, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Kashmir are some centres well acknowledged for handcraft manufacturing.
Handicrafts from India
Artefacts that are crafted with passion and excellence with very less input from machinery’s along with a considerable element of tradition are termed as handicrafts. And India has given a fine share of importance to the creation and export of such artefacts. Though there are innumerable collections of work being manufactured, some notable ones have been globally exported.
The exports trends in India is rising each year. From the data produced by the Export promotion council for Handicrafts (EPCH), exports in India initially started with the year 1986-1987 and till 2016 period the export of handicrafts from India has shown a massive improvement suggesting the Importance and admiration this has gained over the world within the past 35 years.
1. Art metalware
Intricate craftsmanship is invested in bringing out fine work of metal wares. Usually, metals like gold, silver, brass, copper are used to carving out idols, make jewellery, precise utensils. This is a very broad class with several sub-categories like bidri work, bell metal etc.
Moradabad, Orissa is very well known for embellished metal works and products. Shimmering shiny utilities are manufactured at this part of India and exported around the globe and generate a considerable share of annual turnover.
A major share of the export market is taken up by the wooden furniture category. Some regal rich designs are well in demand in foreign countries. Woodwares are intricately worked and passionately crafted to precision, and that too with hand!
The wood ware markets are established in various parts of the country like Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Jamnagar, Surat, Gujarat, Bihar, and Ghaziabad. This industry employs numerous workers and is a source of living in rural parts of India taking up making a share of an exported item from the country.
3. Textile hand printing
If you have a look around your place, it would be interesting to note the immense popularity of hand printings in India. In the land where intricate works of Madhubani paintings, bandhani originated, you would be surprised about how fine the painting works have been accomplished on the fabric.
Some important areas that undertake this level of work are Machilipatinam of Andhra Pradesh, Varanasi, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Jodhpur of Rajasthan. Infusing natural dyes, block printings are undertaken.
4. Textile hand embroidery
This sector embarks upon the file layer of threads that are embossed upon fabrics. Depending on the skill sets various types of hand embroidery styles are proficient in India. Every style has its own texture differences, pattern differences and embellished with a craft that is carried along with legacies.
The craft is beautiful, spanning as clusters or well spaces floral design, idol works, mandalas and many more pattern filled fabrics. Some of the prevalent ones are chikankari, zardozi, kashidakari spanning intricate styles over delicate cotton and silk fabrics, progressive over are Bareilly, Lucknow, Bengal, Kashmir and Gujarat.
5. Handloom shawls
Shawls and other handloom shawls that are unique masterpieces. Statistics conclude that globally India shares around 85% of production. One major reason for this is due to the expansive collection of fibres and yarn types that supports the rich handloom sector.
Handloom shawls and outfit industry has two types of looms requirement, hand weaving and power looms. Handloom has found to be the second major employment generator apart from agriculture. This art is famous around Bhuj, Varanasi, Nawan and other places of India.
6. Zari and zari goods
Zari works are usually evoked with a fine line of gold or silver yarns. These are traditionally used in garments of silk and velvet. Intricate patterns are embroidered with high craftsmanship. The zari worked material are widely used in garments and home decoration items.
Surat is the most famous location that spins yarns of zari in clothing accounting for 55% of production needs. Apart from them are the places like Vadodara, Bareilly, Varanasi, Agra Hyderabad and Lucknow catering to all inland and export requirements.
7. Imitation jewellery
One of an artistic handicraft demanding heavy patience is imitation jewellery making. For women to flaunt in style this industry tirelessly works to make beautiful pieces of traditional and modern style jewellery. Most of the simple raw materials used are metal, glass, lac and stones.
There are various levels in classifications of goldsmiths and diamond processing experts in the industry. It is employed mostly in Delhi, Kohima, Mysore, Jaipur and Nizamabad.